A backlight lamp (also know as backlight bulb, screen backlight, CCFL tube or bulb) is the main and only source of light in a laptop LCD screen. A typical laptop LCD screen has only one backlight lamp installed. The backlight lamp mounts inside the laptop screen in the lower part of the screen as it outlined on the picture above.
A pair of cables with one connector coming from the screen plugs into the screen inverter board.
The backlight lamp receives high voltage AC power from the screen inverter board which receives low voltage DC power from the motherboard via the LCD screen cable as it shown on the picture below.
On the next picture you see a typical backlight lamp removed from a typical laptop LCD screen. There are two cables soldered to both sides of the backlight lamp attached to one connector.
BACKLIGHT LAMP REPLACEMENT
It is possible to replace a failed backlight lamp with a new one but it’s not easy because the backlight lamp is buried deep inside the LCD screen and it’s very easy to damage the screen during the disassembly process. This repair should be performed only by an experienced technician. You can find some home made backlight replacement instructions if you do Google search. For inexperienced people it would be much easier to replace the whole LCD screen.
BACKLIGHT LAMP FAILURE SYMPTOMS
1. The laptop screen lights up only for a short period of time or will not light up at all. The image on the screen is so dim that you can barely see it. At the same time, an external monitor attached to the laptop works fine.
2. When you turn on the laptop, the screen works fine for a while, then start flickering and the light turns off. Again, there is a very faint image on the laptop screen and external video output works fine.
3. The screen works but the image has a reddish/pink tone. External video output works fine.
The backlight lamp failure symptoms are very similar to the inverter board failure symptoms. If you have to guess which one is causing the problem, try replacing the inverter board first.